Ballet is an artistic dance form performed to music, using precise and highly formalised set steps and gestures. Classical ballet, which originated in Renaissance Italy and established its present form during the 19th century, is characterised by light, graceful movements and the use of pointe shoes with reinforced toes.
Belly dancing or belly dance is a Western-coined name for a type of Middle Eastern dance.
Ballroom dance is a set of partner dances, which are enjoyed both socially and competitively around the world. Because of its performance and entertainment aspects, ballroom dance is also widely enjoyed on stage, film, and television
Highland dance or Highland dancing is a style of competitive solo dancing developed in the Scottish Highlands in the 19th and 20th centuries in the context of competitions at public events such as the Highland games, where it is often performed to the accompaniment of Highland bagpipe music.
Hip-hop dance refers to street dance styles primarily performed to hip-hop music or that have evolved as part of hip-hop culture. It includes a wide range of styles, primarily breaking, locking and popping which were created in the 1970s and made popular by dance crews in the US.
Irish dancing or Irish dance is a group of traditional dance forms originating in Ireland which can broadly be divided into social dances and performance dances. Irish social dancing can be divided further into céilí and set dancing.
Hula/Hawaiian is a dance form accompanied by chant (oli) or song (mele). It was developed in the Hawaiian Islands by the Polynesians who originally settled there. The hula dramatises or portrays the words of the oli or mele in a visual dance form.
Jazz dance is a classification shared by a broad range of dance styles. Before the 1950s, jazz dance referred to dance styles that originated from African American vernacular dance.
Modern dance is a form of contemporary theatrical and concert dance employing a special technique for developing the use of the entire body in movements expressive of abstract ideas.
Salsa is a popular form of social dance that originated in New York with strong influences from Latin America, particularly Colombia, Cuba and Puerto Rico.
Tap dance in which the rhythm or rhythmical variation is audibly tapped out with the toe or heel by a dancer wearing shoes with special hard soles or with taps.